LCD Video Projector Basics

LCD means “Fluid Crystal Display”. LCD innovation has been with us for quite a few years and is utilized in an assortment of video show applications, including board shows on electronic instruments and purchaser hardware gadgets, just as computerized signage. Maybe the most natural use to purchasers is their utilization in TVs.

In TVs, LCD chips are masterminded over a screen surface and utilizing a backdrop illumination (most normal sort is LED), LCD TVs can show pictures. Contingent upon the TV’s showcase goals, the quantity of LCD chips utilized can number in the millions (every LCD chip speaks to a pixel).

  • LCD Use In Video Projection

Notwithstanding TVs, LCD Technology is utilized in numerous video projectors.

In any case, rather than a substantial number of LCD chips put over a screen surface, a video projector uses 3 uniquely structured LCD Chips to make and extend pictures on an outer screen.

The three LCD chips each contain a similar number of pixels that rises to the showcase goals of the projector, except for pixel moving systems utilized in some video projectors to show a higher goals “4K-like” picture without having the required number of pixels.

  • 3LCD

One sort of LCD video projection innovation utilized is alluded to as 3LCD (not to be mistaken for 3D).

In most 3LCD projectors, a light based light source conveys white light into a 3-Dichroic Mirror get together that parts the white light into isolated red, green, and blue light pillars, which thus, go through a LCD chip get together that comprises of three chips (one assigned for every essential shading). The three hues are then joined utilizing a crystal, went through a perspective gathering and after that anticipated onto a screen or divider.

In spite of the fact that light based light sources are the most utilized, some 3LCD projectors may utilize a Laser or Laser/LED-based light source, rather than a light, however the final product is the equivalent – the picture is anticipated onto a screen or divider.

  • 3LCD Variants: LCOS, SXRD, and D-ILA

Albeit 3LCD innovation is a standout amongst the most normally utilized advancements in video projectors (alongside DLP), there are some LCD-based variations.

These variations are LCOS (Liquid Crystal on Silicon), D-ILA (Digital Imaging Light Amplification – utilized by JVC), and SXRD Silicon Crystal Reflective Display – utilized by Sony). Each of the three join a portion of the qualities of both 3LCD and DLP innovation.

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What every one of the three variations share for all intents and purpose is that rather than light going through the LCD chips to make pictures as in 3LCD innovation, light is really skiped off the outside of the LCD chips to make pictures. Subsequently, LCOS/SXRD/D-ILA are alluded to as “intelligent” innovations, while 3LCD is alluded to as a “transmissive” innovation.

A similar sort of light source choices (Lamp/Laser) utilized with 3LCD will work with these variations.

  • 3LCD/LCOS Advantages

This appears differently in relation to DLP innovation which, in spite of the fact that has the capacity of creating magnificent shading and dark dimensions, can’t yield both white and shading light at a similar dimension in situations where the projector uses a shading wheel.

In most DLP projectors (particularly for home use) the white light needs to go through a shading wheel that contains Red, Green, and Blue portions, which lessens the measure of light turning out the opposite end.

Then again, DLP projectors that use non-shading wheel innovation, (for example, LED or Laser/LED Hybrid light sources or 3-chip models) can deliver a similar dimension of white and shading yield. For more subtleties, read our partner article: Video Projectors and Color Brightness

  • 3LCD/LCOS Disadvantages

Since the screen is comprised of individual pixels, the pixels can be obvious on an expansive screen, accordingly giving the presence of survey the picture through a “screen entryway”.

The purpose behind this is the pixels are isolated by dark (non-lit) outskirts. As you increment the span of the anticipated picture (or abatement the goals on same size screen) the individual pixel fringes are bound to end up unmistakable, along these lines giving the presence of survey the picture through a “screen entryway”. To dispense with this impact, makers utilize different advancements to diminish the perceivability of the dark pixel fringes.

Then again, for LCD-based video projectors that have high-goals show ability (1080p or higher), this impact isn’t noticeable since the pixels are littler and the outskirts more slender, except if you are near the screen, and the screen is extremely substantial.

Another issue that can come up (albeit all around once in a while) is Pixel burnout. Since a LCD chip is comprised of a board of individual pixels, in the event that one pixel copies out it shows an irritating dark or white dab on the anticipated picture. Singular pixels can’t be fixed, on the off chance that at least one pixels wear out, the whole chip must be supplanted.

  • The Bottom Line

Video projectors fusing LCD innovation are broadly accessible, moderate, and reasonable for an assortment of employments, from business and instruction to home theater, gaming, and general home diversion.

Instances of LCD-based video projectors for home performance center use include:

  1. Epson Home Cinema 2045 3LCD Video Projector – Buy From Amazon
  2. Sony VPL-HW45ES SXRD Video Projector – Buy From Amazon


  • For more precedents, look at our posting of :
  1. The Best Cheap Video Projectors (incorporates both DLP and LCD types).
  2. Best 1080p and 4K Video Projectors (incorporates both DLP and LCD types).

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